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7 Chiranjeevi Name: The Immortal Beings of Hindu Mythology

In Hindu mythology, the concept of immortality is not confined to the gods alone. Among the pantheon of divine beings and revered characters, there exists a group known as the Chiranjeevis, or the 'immortals'.

These individuals, through their extraordinary deeds and blessings, have been granted immortality, destined to live throughout the ages. Among all chiranjeevi, the most famous are the seven Chiranjeevis, each of whom has unique characteristics and roles within Hindu mythology.

List of 7 Chiranjeevi Names Hindu Mythology

The seven Chiranjeevi (Immortals)—Ashwatthama, Bali, Vyas, Hanuman, Vibhishana, Kripacharya and Parashurama—are revered in various texts and traditions of Hinduism.

Their stories span epic stories such as the Mahabharata and Ramayana, as well as several Puranas, highlighting their enduring importance. Their immortal existence symbolizes the timeless principles of dharam and the eternal quest for spiritual enlightenment.

1. Ashwatthama


Ashwatthama, the son of Dronacharya, is a central figure in the epic Mahabharata. His life, marked by both heroism and tragedy, extends to the epic story of the Mahabharata, where he emerges as a warrior, a loyal son, and ultimately a cursed immortal.

Ashwatthama was born to Dronacharya. He was named after the sound made by a horse at the time of his birth. Blessed with a gem (mani) on his forehead that provided him with protection from hunger, thirst, and fatigue, Ashwatthama was destined for greatness from a young age.

Ashvatthama was an important figure fighting on the side of the Kauravas in the Kurukshetra war. He was one of the key warriors.
Despite his loyalty to Duryodhana, his relations with the Pandavas were complicated due to his father's dual role as his teacher and his hostility towards them.

Ashvatthama infiltrated the Pandava camp at night along with Kritavarma and Kripacharya. He brutally killed the sons of the sleeping Pandavas, considering them to be Pandavas.

Ashvatthama faced Lord Krishna and Pandavas. In his anger, Ashvatthama attempted to use Brahmastra, a deadly divine weapon, against him. Arjuna retaliated with another Brahmastra.

To prevent the destruction of the world by the collision of these two powerful weapons, the sages intervened and asked both the warriors to withdraw their weapons.

Arjuna complied, but Ashwatthama was unable to withdraw his weapon, directing it towards the unborn child of Uttara, the wife of Abhimanyu (Arjuna's son).

To punish Ashwatthama for his cruelty and misuse of divine power, Lord Krishna cursed him. Ashvatthama was sentenced to wander on earth for 3,000 years, suffering from incurable wounds and isolation.


2. King Mahabali


King Mahabali, also known as Bali or Maveli. Despite being born as an asura (demon), he is celebrated for his immense generosity, knowledge and devotion.

His story, particularly his encounter with Vamana, the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, highlights themes of humility, devotion and the complex interplay between gods and demons.

Mahabali was the grandson of the pious Prahlad, he inherited his grandfather's piety and his father's kingly qualities, making him a unique and revered Asura king. Under his rule, his kingdom flourished, and he was adored by his subjects for his fairness and generosity.

With Mahabali's growing power and popularity, the gods feared that his influence could disrupt the cosmic balance. To address this, Lord Vishnu decided to incarnate as Vamana, a dwarf Brahmin, to subdue Mahabali without resorting to violence.

During a grand yajna, Vamana approached the king and requested three paces of land to be measured by his small steps. Mahabali, known for his generosity, immediately agreed.

Vamana then revealed his divine form and expanded to enormous proportions, covering the entire universe in two steps. For the third step, Mahabali, realizing Vamana's true identity, humbly offered his head. Vamana placed his foot on Mahabali’s head, pushing him down to the netherworld (Patala). Impressed by Mahabali’s devotion and humility, Lord Vishnu granted him a boon.

Mahabali was allowed to visit his kingdom and people once a year. This annual journey is celebrated in Kerala as the festival of Onam in today's world, a time of great joy and celebration honoring the return of their beloved king.

In Hindu mythology, King Mahabali is known as the embodiment of extraordinary virtue and piety. His story, involving themes of humility, devotion and cosmic balance, remains a cornerstone of cultural and religious narratives in India, especially in Kerala.


3. Ved Vyasa


Vyasa, also known as Veda Vyasa and author of the Mahabharata, is also counted among the 7 Chiranjeevis. Vyasa’s contributions to Hindu literature and philosophy are monumental, making him a important figure in the spiritual and cultural heritage of India.

Vyasa was born to sage Parashara and Satyavati. From a young age Vyasa demonstrated extraordinary knowledge and spiritual insight. He devoted himself to rigorous penance and study, gaining profound deep of the Vedas and other sacred texts.

Vyasa’s most significant contribution is the organization and compilation of the Vedas. Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, Atharvaveda. Vyasa is best known as the author of the Mahabharata, one of the longest and most complex epics in world literature.

He is also credited with composing the eighteen Puranas, covering various aspects of cosmology, genealogy and folklore, providing a comprehensive account of the creation, destruction and rebirth of the universe

He is considered to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who was sent to ensure the preservation and dissemination of sacred knowledge. In Hindu tradition, the Guru Purnima festival is dedicated to Vyasa, honoring him as the ultimate guru (teacher).

Vyasa’s life and works are integral to understanding Hinduism’s vast and rich heritage. Vyasa’s legacy as a sage, scholar, and teacher continues to inspire and guide seekers of wisdom and knowledge across generations.


4. Lord Hanuman


Lord Hanuman, also known as Bajrang Bali. He is one of the most beloved and respected deities in Hindu mythology. A devotee of Lord Rama and a symbol of devotion and strength, revered as one of the Seven Chiranjeevis.

His stories, primarily narrated in the Ramayana, have inspired countless generations and continue to be a source of spiritual guidance and cultural pride. He was born to Anjana and Kesari.

From a young age, Lord Hanuman displayed his supernatural strength. In one famous incident, he mistook the sun for a delicious fruit and jumped into the sky to catch it then Indra, the king of the gods, struck him down. In response, Vayu, the wind god, withdrew Vayu from the universe, causing a crisis due to which the gods granted various boons and powers to Hanuman to appease Vayu and revive Hanuman.

Hanuman's most important contributions and adventures are described in the Ramayana, where he acts as a loyal devotee and ally of Lord Rama in his attempt to rescue Lord Rama's wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

Hanuman is widely worshiped throughout India and other parts of the world where Hinduism is practiced. Lord Hanuman Statues often depict him humbled, kneeling before Rama, or performing his heroic deeds.

Hanuman's legacy extends to modern popular culture, including literature, television and cinema. His stories are retold in various adaptations, each of which captures the essence of his character and the eternal values he represents.

Hanuman is a central figure in Hindu mythology and a symbol of devotion, strength and humility. His stories inspire millions of people, reminding them of the power of faith, the importance of selfless service and the ultimate triumph of good over evil.




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5. Vibhishana


Vibhishana, brother of the demon king Ravana, chose righteousness over evil and joined Lord Rama during the battle of Ramayana. His decision to support dharma over adharma earned him immortality and a revered place among 7 immortals.

Vibhishana was born to the sage Vishrava and the Rakshasi (demoness) Kaikesi. Unlike his brothers, Vibhishana was inclined towards spirituality and righteousness from a young age.

Vibhishana's most notable contributions and actions are recorded in the Ramayana, where he emerges as a key figure in the conflict between Rama and Ravana.

Vibhishana constantly advised his brother Ravana to return Lord Rama's wife Sita, who was kidnapped by Ravana. However, Ravana, driven by pride and lust, ignored his brother's wise advice.

Vibhishan decided to leave his brother’s side. He sought refuge with Rama, offering his allegiance and support. This act of defection was not easy, as it meant turning against his own family, but Vibhishana's commitment to dharma guided his decision.

He shared crucial information about Lanka’s defenses and the strengths and weaknesses of Ravana’s immortality, which was tied to a special nectar located in his navel. This information allowed Rama to target and ultimately kill Ravana.

After Ravana's death, Rama crowned Vibhishana as the king of Lanka. Vibhishana's reign was marked by his adherence to dharma, justice and welfare of his people.


6. Kripacharya


Kripacharya was the royal teacher (guru) of the Kuru princes in the Mahabharata. He is celebrated for his intelligence, fighting skills and unwavering adherence to dharma.

As one of the seven Chiranjeevis, Kripacharya's life and teachings have had a lasting influence on Hindu mythology and philosophy.

Kripacharya was born to sage Sharadvan and Apsara Janapadi. Kripa and her sister Kripi were abandoned in the forest but King Shantanu found them and adopted them.

His teachings emphasized the principles of dharma, discipline and bravery. His fair and impartial approach made him a respected figure among both the Pandavas and the Kauravas.

Beyond his role as a teacher, Kripacharya also acted as an advisor and counselor to the Kuru dynasty. His intelligence and knowledge of dharma made him a trusted person in the royal court.

Kripacharya is not as widely worshiped as some other characters of the Mahabharata, but his contributions to the epic and his role as Chiranjeevi ensure that he remains a respected and significant figure in Hindu mythology.


7. Parashurama


Parashurama, also known as the sixth avatar of Lord Vishnu, is a iconic figure in Hindu mythology known for his martial prowess, unwavering devotion to dharma, and his role in the eradication of the Kshatriya (warrior) class.

Parashurama was born to sage Jamadagni and his wife Renuka. His birth name was Rama, but after receiving a divine axe from Lord Shiva he was named Parashurama (Rama with an axe).

When King Kartavirya Arjuna visited Jamadagni’s ashram, he coveted Jamadagni’s divine cow Kamadhenu and forcibly took it. In retaliation, Parashurama killed Kartavirya Arjuna and retrieved Kamadhenu.

Kartavirya Arjuna's sons tried to take revenge and killed Jamadagni. Upon learning of his father's murder, Parashurama vowed to liberate the earth from the Kshatriyas, whom he believed had become corrupt and tyrannical.

He launched a campaign of vengeance and systematically destroyed the Kshatriya class 21 times. This act of mass destruction was motivated by his commitment to restore righteousness and justice. 

Parashurama’s influence extends into the epic Mahabharata, where he serves as a teacher and mentor to several key warriors. He also embodies several key virtues and teachings in Hindu mythology.

Parashurama’s legacy as a warrior sage, enforcer of dharma, and avatar of Vishnu continues to be a significant part of Hindu mythology. His life stories offer profound insights into the themes of justice, devotion, and the complex balance of cosmic order.


The Final Words

In Hindu mythology, the term "Chiranjeevi" refers to beings who are blessed with eternal life. The word "Chiranjeevi" is derived from the Sanskrit words "Chiram," meaning "long" or "eternal," and "Jeevi," meaning "living."

These immortal figures are destined to live through the ages, witnessing the cyclical nature of time and the evolution of humanity. Each Chiranjeevi holds a unique place in the mythological tapestry, symbolizing various aspects of dharma (righteousness), wisdom, and devotion.

The stories of the seven Chiranjeevis – Ashwatthama, Bali, Vyas, Hanuman, Vibhishana, Kripacharya and Parashurama are deeply embedded in Hindu mythology and continue to inspire devotees with their eternal lessons.

By reflecting on the lives of these immortal beings, one can find inspiration and guidance to navigate the complexities of life with righteousness and unbreakable faith.



FAQs on 7 Immortals of Hindu Mythology

Q- What are the Sapta Chiranjeevi Name In Hindu Mythology?

A- There are seven immortals (chiranjivi):

  1. Ashwathama
  2. King Mahabali
  3. Veda Vyasa
  4. Hanuman
  5. Vibhishana
  6. Kripacharya
  7. Parashuram

Q- Where are the 7 chiranjeevi now?

A- The seven Chiranjeevis, as immortal beings, are believed to continue existing across various realms and locations, each playing a unique role in upholding dharma and maintaining cosmic balance.

Since Chiranjeevi in Hindu mythology, it is impossible to tell where they are at the moment. The Chiranjeevis continue to live on in the hearts and minds of those seeking spiritual guidance, thanks to the stories and beliefs that celebrate their lives and convey their timeless lessons.



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